Ngô Quốc Anh

May 14, 2011

The Nehari manifold

Filed under: PDEs — Ngô Quốc Anh @ 21:10

In the calculus of variations, a branch of mathematics, a Nehari manifold is a manifold of functions, whose definition is motivated by the work of Zeev Nehari (1960, 1961). It is a differential manifold associated to the Dirichlet problem for the semilinear elliptic partial differential equation

-\triangle u = |u|^{p-1}u,\text{ with }u\mid_{\partial(\Omega)} = 0.

Here \Delta is the Laplacian on a bounded domain \Omega in \mathbb R^n.

There are infinitely many solutions to this problem. Solutions are precisely the critical points for the energy functional

\displaystyle J(v) = \frac12\int_{\Omega}{\|\nabla v\|^2\,d\mu}-\frac1{p+1}\int_{\Omega}{|v|^{p+1}\,d\mu}

on the Sobolev space H^1_0(\Omega). The Nehari manifold is defined to be the set of v \in H^1_0(\Omega) such that

\displaystyle\|\nabla v\|^2_{L^2(\Omega)} = \|v\|^{p+1}_{L^{p+1}(\Omega)} > 0.

Solutions to the original variational problem that lie in the Nehari manifold are (constrained) minimizers of the energy, and so direct methods in the calculus of variations can be brought to bear.

More generally, given a suitable functional J, the associated Nehari manifold is defined as the set of functions u in an appropriate function space for which

\langle J'(u), u\rangle = 0.

Here J' is the functional derivative of J.

Source: Wiki.

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