# Ngô Quốc Anh

## November 4, 2014

### Baire properties for open subspaces

Filed under: Giải Tích 1 — Tags: — Ngô Quốc Anh @ 7:53

This post deals with a classical problem in functional analysis: The Baire space. I am not going to reproduce what we can learn and read from wikipedia; however, to make the post self-contained, following is what the Baire space is.

Loosely speaking, a Baire space $X$ is a topological space in which any one of the following three equivalent conditions is satisfied:

1. Whenever the union of countably many closed subsets of $X$ has an interior point, then one of the closed subsets must have an interior point, i.e. if

$\displaystyle \text{int}\Big(\bigcup_{n \geqslant 1} C_n \Big) \ne \emptyset,$

then $\text{int}(C_n) \ne \emptyset$ for some $n$. Here by $C$ we mean a closed subset in $X$.

2. The union of every countable collection of closed sets with empty interior has empty interior, that is to say, i.e if $\text{int}(C_n) = \emptyset$ for all $n$, then

$\displaystyle \text{int}\Big(\bigcup_{n \geqslant 1} C_n \Big) =\emptyset.$

3. Every intersection of countably many dense open sets is dense, i.e.

$\displaystyle \overline{\bigcap_{n \geqslant 1} O_n} = X$

provided $\overline{O_n}= X$ for every $n$. Here by $O$ we mean an open subset in $X$.

What I am going to do is to show that every open subset of a Baire space is itself a Baire space, of course, under the subspace topology inherited from $X$. Hence, at the very beginning, we assume throughout this topic that $X$ is a Baire space; hence admits all three equivalent conditions above.